||Reorganisation of states on linguistic basis and abolition of Class A, B, C and D states and introduction of Union Territories.
||Adjustments to Indian territory as a result of agreement with Paksitan.
||Dadra, Nagar and Haveli included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
||Goa, Daman and Diu included in Indian Union as a Union Territory on acquisition from Portugal.
||The state of Nagaland formed with special protection under Article 371A.
||Pondicherry incorporated into Indian Union after transfer by France.
||Sindhi added as language in the 8th schedule.
||Privy purse paid to former rulers of princely states abolished.
||Sikim included as an Indian state.
||Fundamental Duties prescribed, India became Socialist Secular Republic.
||Right to Property deleted from the list of fundamental rights.
||Defection to another party after election made illegal.
||Voting age reduced from 21 to 18.
||Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali added as languages in the Eighth Schedule.
||Introduction of Panchayati Raj, addition of Part IX to the Constitution.
||Introduction of Nagarpalikas and Municipalities.
||Free and compulsory education to children between 6 and 14 years.
||Bodo, Dogri, Santhali and Maithli added to the list of recognised languages. Service Tax introduced.
|8,23,45,62, 79 and 95
||1960, 1970, 1980, 1989, 2000 and 2010
||Extension of reservation of seats for SC/ST and nomination of Anglo-Indian members in Parliament and State Assemblies.
||Substituted Odia for Oriya in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution
||Introduction of Part IXB in the Constitution pertaining to Co-operative Societies
||Introduction of Goods and Services Tax (GST)
|The 42nd amendment was the most comprehensive amendment which had 59 clauses and carried out so many changes that it has been described as a “Mini Constitution”.
|The 52nd amendment was the only amendment to be unanimously adopted by the Parliament.